Many people in Eastern and Central Europe due to either lack or price gouging of N95 or FPP2 masks have got an idea to check their basements for that stashed old Gas Masks from the previous republics, the one their father or grandfather had after service in the military. Also many young adults have been fast to use the same re-discovered equipment in order to Cheeki Breeki as seen in the famous Stalker and Metro PC games. However here is the thing, while the filtered gas mask will help and offer a more than a decent protection from Coronavirus particles flying around the air and it will prevent them to enter in your eyes, mouth or land anywhere on your face, there is one completely different danger.
The filters on these masks might be lethal for your health and induce you a lung cancerwhile you think you are protecting yourself. It is a copy of the U. M-9 gas mask. It is OD green in color, and has a side-loading canister which uses a 60mm opening. The M-1 is not very common in the United States, as few were imported as surplus. There are different versions of the mask, MC-1 civilian versionM-1 civilian version but with oral nasal cup, and some things in the bag are different and the M the military version.
It was issued to the Soviet population starting in ; production ended in It is a lightweight mask, weighing 1.
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In OctoberDixon Information found out that the cotton layer of the filter contains 7. However, if the masks were made afterthey use activated charcoal. It is not advised to use the filters, as the case is made with a percentage of lead which slowly degrades into the filter, along with many other chemicals used in the manufacturing process.
The mask also tightly clings to the skin of the head, and so may be uncomfortable for those with all but the shortest hair. After Cold War it was replaced in Czech by M Since M13 filters did. Filters and filter screw caps are assumed to not contain asbestos, but the filters contain hexavelant chromium, which is hazardous if breathed in. It was destined for Polish Army and Civil Defense, but adopted only by the second formation and used till the end of Cold War.
Switch to the light mode that's kinder on your eyes at day time. Follow us Facebook Twitter instagram pinterest reddit youtube.The M17 Protective Mask is a series of gas masks that were designed and produced in as a replacement of the M-9 gas mask to provide protection from all types of known chemical and biological agents present.
The M was issued to troops in the Vietnam war, and was standard issue for the U. Air Force and U. The mask has different components including a filtera face piece and outserts. Filter elements in the face piece prevent harmful agents from entering the mask. An experimental transparent-silicone model called the XM27 was designed in latebut was turned down in favor of the XM28E4.
Many countries have copied the M17 design. Three varieties of outserts were available for the mask; clear for general operations, gray tinted for bright environments, and green tinted to protect the wearer from battlefield lasers. Old, clear outserts tended to yellow with time and was considered a deadlining condition for the mask since accurate color vision was required to assess sometimes subtle color changes on the MA1 chemical detection kit required for unmasking procedures.
It also contains a M1 waterproof bag to protect filter elements from water damage. Other components attached are mask hoods to protect the head and neck area, a winterization kit to prevent frost accumulation during cold weather conditions and optical inserts for soldiers with vision defects. The M17A1 was designed with intent to allow a masked soldier to provide artificial respiration to an unmasked casualty, the resuscitation tube was a noble idea gone wrong.
The problem with it being the exposure of both soldiers to contamination, the soldier giving aid ran the risk of encountering resistance from the airway of the casualty, pushing air back into his mask and breaking the seal on it.
The casualty would remain unmasked, and would continue absorbing the contaminated environment. It was for this reason that the resuscitation tube system was no longer issued for the A1 and was dropped on the M17A2. The design of the mask with its internal cheek filters means that it must be removed by the wearer to change the filters once they are expired or clogged, thus compromising its protective capabilities in a contaminated environment. The US armed forces henceforth returned to 'traditional' designs of mask where filter canisters are mounted externally and thus can be changed if needed without the wearer having to remove the mask.
The mask offers protection from chemical and biological warfare agents, but does not function properly in places where oxygen content is low. It is recommended that users continue wearing it until the biological or chemical agent is identified and verified cleared from the area using standardized unmasking procedures.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Categories : Military personal equipment Gas masks. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from September All articles needing additional references Commons category link is on Wikidata.
The gas mask became an essential piece of military equipment. Through it's development, the German gas mask and Israeli gas masks were the most advanced. During world war two, there was a move away from the open use of poisonous gasses use in the field as it was seen as grossly inhuman and almost an underhanded way of fighting a war. In later wars there has been tactical use of specific gasses by some forces requiring the re-introduction of the gas mask as standard military equipment usually carried in a drop leg gas mask pouch.
Today the army surplus gas mask is seen as not only an essential piece of survival equipment now including the child gas mask for events such as an environmental disaster such as a chemical plant emergency or similar, but also for the ever increasing likelihood of a homeland terrorism attack. A situation where the gas mask is often overlooked. We stock a huge range of approved gas masks to buy, gas mask filters, gas mask bags and don't forget the child gas mask, which is sized appropriately to avoid leakage on smaller people.
Always carry spare gas mask filters and keep protected in an appropriate gas mask bag to avoid deterioration - our best selling being the " Israeli Youth Gas Mask Drop Leg Pouch You can rely on the modern gas mask to protect you from all current Nuclear, Biological and Chemical threats at home or abroad - biochemical gas masks.
We carry the Israeli gas mask, German gas mask, Russian gas mask, and one of the most popular selling, the Czech M10 though today's best gas mask, and the most effective would have to be the Israeli M15 gas mask along with its civilian equivalent version. The best gas mask need not be the most expensive, only the most effective. You can even get a family gas mask kit at huge savings for a survival kit situation containing two childrens gas masks and two adults gas masks.
Homeland terrorism has continued to create the need to protect ourselves at short notice from the defensive view of the military grade gas mask to our right to bare arms and actively protect ourselves.
This is why it is so important to be prepared. It is not an extremist point of view, but rather a realist as these threats are not make believe. We have many different military gas masks for sale cheap! Our gas mask catalog also contains a range of industrial HEPA mask filters and bio-hazard gas masks and military surplus gas mask bags.
Included is the emergency services - fire brigade style smoke respirator masks that cover anything from the face only to the entire head with a protective hood. Below is a brief introduction to the army's new gas mask, the M50 gas mask - not currently available for sale to the public. It embodies simple technological advancements that make for more comfortable and reliable usage in a military gas mask.After Cold War it was replaced in Czech by M The exhale system is different, having a metal housing with the exhale pointing directly outwards.
Instead of the M17 style exhale, where the valve is covered by rubber and forced out through the bottom of the housing.
The filter openings are larger and threaded. The head harness varies as the M10 head harness is made of a thicker grey elastic fabric with a rubber head pad and large rubber pull tabs. The M17's outserts have been found to fit with M10, but are noticeably smaller, and the filters are not interchangeable between the masks. Due to the different inhale sizes, and cap attachments. The M10 mask was used by both Czechoslovakia and East Germany. And remains in use today by the Czech Republic. The M10M is an upgraded model which entered production in the late s.
Which was changed to a large grey plastic piece, with a long "M1" style drinking tube wrapped around the assembly with a rubber flap folding over it. The NVA had multiple hoods made for the M10M, little to no information is known about them and it appears to have been made to copy the M17 style hood. They made a Strichtarn and a rubberized version. The M10 M is very popular among the surplus market, preppers, and collectors of sorts.
The mask can be found around the internet for low prices. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki. Hold up! Under construction This article is currently under construction and is in an unfinished state. If there is an urgent need for information about this topic, comment at the bottom of this page with a question. Contents [ show ]. KafelKarpat 's mask. The inhale valves that are placed into the sides of the mask onto the filter.
Bonife 's NVA Strichtarn hood. Are czech m10 gasmask filters safe? I've bought a sealed czech m10 with sealed filters. Do these filters contain asbestos, chromium or any other dangerous materials? Categories :. Cancel Save.The M17 series of protective masks were a series of field protective respirators designed for the United States military in the early s and used through the middle s when it was officially phased out with the introduction of the new M40 series protective mask.
After WWII, and with the cold war between the US and the USSR looming, it was clear to war planners that any future war would quickly escalate from conventional to chemical and biological war. With the proliferation of the G-series and relatively new V-series nerve agents, the US military decided to design a new mask to meet the challenges of these new threats. It was assumed that the M9 was too bulky and obsolete to be effective on the modern battlefield although M9 series masks would be used for special purposes well through the mids.
M17 gas mask
New design requirements were drawn up for a compact design that did not have external filter canisters or hose-connected filter elements. The internal filter pouch solution was selected to meet this form factor and also eliminated the requirement to have different designs for the left and right-handed service members. A voice diaphragm was also a design requirement to aid in battlefield speech communications in a contaminated environment.
The mask received generally positive reviews but some service members complained about the difficulty of filter changing. This first version of the M17 did not incorporate a drinking tube or resuscitation system, instead only featuring a voice diaphragm. As newer models of the M17 were introduced, the old ABC-M17s migrated to law enforcement agencies where the advanced features of later models were not as important for simple crowd control with tear gases.
The ABC-M17 was used by civilian law enforcement agencies for crowd control operations when protection from tear gas was required. Inthe U. The new mask came new features; the addition of the drinking system and the addition of the resuscitation system. The drinking system designed for the M17A1 is believed to be the first in the world, followed shortly thereafter by British and German designs.
The drinking system, standard on US protective masks today, incorporates a hose pre-attached to the mask, instead of unscrewing and screwing multiple connections together all the while exposing the water and human body to possible contamination. The M17A1 incorporates a quick couple connector that greatly reduces the risk of contamination when used with the compatible M1 Water Canteen Cap. The other unique feature of the mask was much less successful.
A resuscitation tube was incorporated with the mask that was designed to allow a masked soldier to provide artificial respiration to an unmasked casualty. The concept and execution were problematic as the use of the tube could expose the wearer to contamination.
The soldier giving aid ran the risk of encountering resistance from the airway of the casualty, pushing air back into his mask and breaking its seal. Due to this problem, the resuscitation system was dropped with the design of the M17A2. During the early s, the US government began fielding the latest and what would be the final variation of the M17 mask; the M17A2. This version of the M17 mask would not feature the resuscitation tube of the M17A1 and would be used by US forces deployed around the world.
A variety of items, depending upon the mission, were issued with the mask and stored in the mask carrier such as a waterproof bag that would protect the mask's filters from water damage during immersion. The M17A2 also has the exterior tilt rotary lever for the drinking tube. The purpose of this tilt lever was to allow the user to position the inner drinking tube into one's mouth from the exterior of the mask. Once the user was done drinking, the lever would be manually tilted back and the tube would move up and away from the user's mouth.
Manufacturer stamps on the M17A2 can be found in two locations, one is near the right eyepiece with the manufacturer's name and year of manufacture and the second almost hidden mark is on the right side of the inner end of the nose cup assembly facing the internal filter compartment.Kurzweil said in a 2006 C-SPAN2 interview that "nanotechnology-based" flying cars would be available in 20 years.
Kurzweil believes, by the end of the 2020s, humans will be able to completely replace fossil fuels. In the cover article of the December 2010 issue of IEEE Spectrum, John Rennie criticized Kurzweil's predictions: "On close examination, his clearest and most successful predictions often lack originality or profundity.
And most of his predictions come with so many loopholes that they border on the unfalsifiable. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.
Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful. You can help to improve it by introducing citations that are more precise. The Age of Intelligent Machines. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. We Blog The World. Retrieved April 16, 2012. The New York Times. Retrieved February 13, 2013. Growth of the Internet (PDF). Retrieved February 25, 2016.
Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved January 8, 2011. Archived June 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on May 3, 2016. The Age of Spiritual Machines: When Computers Exceed Human Intelligence. New York, NY: Penguin. Retrieved April 22, 2015. By: Kurzweil, Ray, New Scientist, 02624079, September 24, 2005, Vol.Please view our site in a different, standards-adherent browser such as Firefox, Safari, or Chrome, or upgrade your Internet Explorer browser to Version 8 or Version 9.
With 2016 moving into its closing stages, drupa a distant memory and reverberations still being felt from another successful Labelexpo Americas, the label and package printing industry is on the crest of a wave that promises to take it straight into a bumper Labelexpo Europe 2017. These developments will continue to take place as run lengths decrease, more versions and variations are required, time to market decreases, and ever-more complex and exciting label solutions are created.
It is all of these demands and pressure that will increasingly see label and package printing companies move rapidly towards ever more automation of both their administration and production process workflows, using sophisticated management information systems (MIS) that will be integrated with specialized inspection and color performance software and technology, through to fully automated press and finishing line set-up.
In 2017, the European Flexographic Industry Association (EFIA) anticipates that the pace of change is not going to slow. Technology is changing the way consumers are shopping and the internet has opened up myriad ways for consumers to make informed decisions about what they buy. Competition to sell is therefore intense. The retail journey is also changing from big box supermarket shopping to convenience driven multi-trip shopping patterns.
Ultimately this is opening up a range of opportunities for the print industry in offering pack and product personalization, customization and premiumization. Brands want to add value to their packs to create differentiation. As a result of these trends, and confirmed by members and partners, EFIA is seeing a keen focus on stand out graphic design utilizing new tactile coatings and ink effects, as well as the use of complementary flexo and digital print systems to deliver short runs of customized packs.
Pack designs are being tested more regularly with sophisticated variable data to connect to digital marketing campaigns enticing the consumer.
Further growth in retail ready or shelf ready packaging is also helping to deliver the in store stand out as well.
The message is clear: the industry is not standing still. The pace of change is accelerating and the opportunities for industry growth are significant. LED ink curing is set to grow substantially next year. Digital print has made product multi-versioning and label multi-language versioning easy and quick.
While over 20 percent of brand owners we surveyed said they do not currently source digitally-labels, they nevertheless say they want their label converters to have digital capability on their production floor. European brand owners will also continue to demand higher quality at lower prices from their packaging suppliers, and are increasingly looking to the developing economies of, for example, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia as viable label sourcing channels.
What is more, our most recent Radar research confirms interestingly that more than 70 percent of them claim that they will not be migrating from self-adhesive labelling technology to another format over the next 12 months. Sustainability will be a headline topic in the agenda of the entire supply chain. Waste management will be the prime concern of Finat and its sister associations around the world in 2017.
If the European economy avoids a slowdown in 2017 there may be some catching up and consequently a good 2017 for labels and packaging. If sterling remains under pressure, the UK will suffer from cost-push inflation and possibly a recession.